1. It was discovered by a Goat-
That’s right a goat. To be more appropriate, a goat herder by the name of Kaldi. He was noticing that his goats were dancing around him strangely after eating the red cherries off a particular tree. He then tried some himself. This was in the 9th century and it was not written about until the 16th century, so who knows for sure, but it is a good story none the less.
2. Originally people ate coffee not drank it–
Ethiopian used to mix meat fats with the coffee berries, making little balls that you could put in your hunting pouch and take with you on the trail. I guess these make these the first power bars.
3. All coffee is grown in the coffee belt–
That’s right all coffee is grown in between the Tropic of Capricorn, to the south of the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer, to the North of the Equator. The only area of the United States that grows coffee trees is on the Hawaiian Islands. Kona coffee is considered to be one of the best coffees in the world. The peaberry, Kona coffee is considered by many to be the finest coffee.
4. 70% Arabica vs 30% Robusta–
70% of the coffee on the world market is Arabic beans. Arabica is a much milder and better tasting coffee bean. The Robust bean is a stronger, bitterer tasting bean. The Robusta bean does have mare caffeine then the Arabica by about 50%
5. The Arabica coffee tree takes five years to mature–
Each tree produces about 5 pounds of coffee beans only about 2 pounds of that are sold for consumption and only one fifth of those are used for specialty coffee. One pound of coffee represents 4000 hand-picked beans. Arabica trees can produce fruit for 20-30 years. There are actually over 50 different varieties of coffee beans out there and we do recommend that you try some of them.
6. The coffee tree can grow to 30 feet tall–
It is pruned to keep it down to a manageable height of about ten feet tall so it is easier for the farmers to reach them and harvest the ripe berries.
7. Coffee is a fruit–
After the tree matures (%years) the berries (or the fruit of the tree) start out as green berries, they then turn yellow, red and then crimson. At that point they are red to be harvested. The seed is inside of the berry and after the seed is taken out it is heated twice. At 500 degrees it is roasted and the seed doubles in size. The second roasting it pops and splits and at this point it is ready for grinding.
8. Coffee is the second biggest commodity in the world–
Coffee is the second highest traded commodity on the planet earth. Second only to crude oil. The average American adult consumes over 11 lbs. of coffee per year. Over 500 Billion Cups of coffee are drunk each year and over half of those are drunk at breakfast.
9. Caffeine: How it works
- In your brain there are things called Adenosines and they only want to hang out with certain types of receptors and when these two get together they make you sleepy.
- When caffeine joins the party it attaches to the receptors so the Adenosines cannot.
- The pituitary glands sees this and thinks there is an emergency going on and it tells the Adrenaline glands to make adrenaline, giving you more energy.
- Your dopamine levels also increase when drinking caffeine
10. Coffee declared illegal 3 different times–
- The first time was the in Mecca in the 16th century. The prohibition was taken off coffee after 30 years of debate.
- Charles II of Europe banned it from coffee houses because he thought it was a place for the people to plan their rebellion against him and his throne. It was short lived.
- Fredrick the Great was the third who banned the coffee in Germany in 1677. He was concerned that there was too much money leaving the country because of the popularity of the beverage
- Of course there are many other prohibitions of coffee in the religious communities in the past and some still in this day and age.